There have been a lot of discussions concerning the way young offenders otherwise known as juvenile delinquents, behave in the country which begs the question, can education help in curbing the excesses and unruly behaviour of these young persons?
Who is a juvenile delinquent?
A juvenile delinquent is a young person who has not attained the age of 18 that is, a young person between the ages of fourteen and seventeen. A minor.
What are juvenile offences?
Juvenile offences are offences committed by young person or persons between the ages of fourteen and seventeen, otherwise regarded as minors.
Examples of juvenile offences include;
• Truancy – Truancy is the action of staying away from school without good reasons; absenteeism.
• Unruly behaviour
• Maladjustment- Maladjustment is the inability to react successfully and satisfactorily to the demands of one’s environment and thereby misbehaving.
• Moral depravity -Moral depravity means behaving in a way that is intentionally or ostentatiously(pretentious) immoral.
HOW EDUCATION COMES INTO PLAY IN COMBATING JUVENILE OFFENCES IN NIGERIA.
Education can be said to mean the acquisition of all necessary and adequate knowledge, insight, skills, training, beliefs and habits to prepare one for the future and life ahead.
Education is a form of enlightenment which transforms one from a state of ignorance to a state of insight, understanding, refinement, edification, awakening as well as advancement.
PURPOSES OF EDUCATION IN A JUVENILE
• To replace a juvenile’s empty mind with an open one
• To provide the fullest possible development of a juvenile to live creatively, productively, and morally in the society.
• To equip the mind and strengthen it to be able to easily learn to deal with specific challenges one will face throughout one’s lifetime.
• To take a juvenile from an ignorant and unlearned level to a level where he or she, is learned and independent as well as to boost his self confidence.
• An educated person is more of an asset and less of a liability to his country; as such, Juvenile becomes More of an asset than a liability.
• Education also produces well cultured and wise youths. It also builds their intellect.
• Education brings out the best in the youth not stifle their minds. It enlightens them and helps them in self discovery.
• Apart from education enabling a juvenile become literate that is; ability to read and write, it builds the character of the juvenile.
• Education builds the self esteem, stability and self worth of the juvenile. As an educated person, he or she can stand tall, shoulders high among his or her peers in the society. No feeling of inferiority complex and a well grounded understanding of the world.
• Education helps to shape the way the juvenile thinks and helps him or her reason against the illogical, in the sense that, an individual would not just believe anything without a reason. It also guards against superstitious and frivolous beliefs as there is a reason for everything.
• Education promotes a healthier lifestyle and living. Education also promotes a healthy and civil relationship between the juvenile and others in the country.
• Education promotes ethical and moral values in the juvenile that cabana in return help make the society more peaceful. Education reduces and mostly abates unruly behaviour, maladjustment, disturbances, Truancy, and moral depravity in the country.
In conclusion, Knowledge is power, truth is freedom, eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. Juveniles are young persons who are very sensitive and delicate hence they should not be treated with levity. The country should vigilant enough to observe them and treat them as delicate because that is the stage they are in.
Education plays a very significant role in alleviating juvenile offences in Nigeria. If these juveniles are properly educated and enlightened, juvenile offences will be be significantly reduced in Nigeria.
What ways do you think the society and the government can contribute to the reduction of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria?
Please let me know in the comment box below, let us learn from each other.